domingo, 28 de setembro de 2008

PROTESTO DE ECONOMISTAS NORTE-AMERICANOS

Para el Presidente de la Cámara de Representantes y el Presidente pro tempore del Senado: Como economistas, queremos expresar al Congreso nuestra gran preocupación por el plan propuesto por el Secretario del Tesoro Paulson para hacer frente a la crisis financiera. Somos muy conscientes de la gravedad de la situación financiera actual y estamos de acuerdo con la necesidad de aplicar medidas audaces para garantizar que el sistema financiero siga funcionando. Sin embargo, vemos tres trampas mortales en el plan que se propone en la actualidad: 1) La equidad. El plan es un subsidio a los inversionistas a costa de los contribuyentes. Los inversionistas que asumieron riesgos para obtener beneficios también deben soportar las pérdidas. No todas las empresas conlleva riesgo sistémico. El gobierno puede garantizar el buen funcionamiento del sector financiero, capaz de hacer nuevos préstamos a prestatarios solventes, sin rescatar a los inversionistas particulares e instituciones cuya elección resultó ser imprudente. 2) Su ambigüedad. Ni la misión de la nueva agencia ni sus funciones de supervisión son claras. Si los contribuyentes van a comprar activos no líquidos y opacos de vendedores con problemas, los términos, ocasiones, y los métodos de esas compras deben ser muy claros desde ya cuidadosamente vigilados después. 3) Sus efectos a largo plazo. Si el plan es aprobado, sus efectos estarán con nosotros por una generación. Con todos sus problemas recientes, el dinamismo innovador de los mercados de capital americanos han llevado a la nación prosperidad sin precedentes. Fundamentalmente, el debilitamiento de estos mercados para calmar trastornos de corto plazo es desesperadamente miope. Por estas razones pedimos el Congreso no apresurarse, celebrar las audiencias adecuadas, y considerar cuidadosamente el curso de acción, y que sabiamente determinará el futuro de la industria financiera y la economía de los EE.UU. en los años venideros. .-.-.-.-.-.-.-. La carta original y los que la han suscrito pueden leerla en el siguiente enlace : http://faculty.chicagogsb.edu/john.cochrane/research/Papers/mortgage_protest.htm --

Signed (updated at 9/25/2008 8:30AM CT) Acemoglu Daron (Massachussets Institute of Technology) Adler Michael (Columbia University) Admati Anat R. (Stanford University) Alexis Marcus (Northwestern University) Alvarez Fernando (University of Chicago) Andersen Torben (Northwestern University) Baliga Sandeep (Northwestern University) Banerjee Abhijit V. (Massachussets Institute of Technology) Barankay Iwan (University of Pennsylvania) Barry Brian (University of Chicago) Bartkus James R. (Xavier University of Louisiana) Becker Charles M. (Duke University) Becker Robert A. (Indiana University) Beim David (Columbia University) Berk Jonathan (Stanford University) Bisin Alberto (New York University) Bittlingmayer George (University of Kansas) Boldrin Michele (Washington University) Brooks Taggert J. (University of Wisconsin) Brynjolfsson Erik (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Buera Francisco J. (UCLA) Camp Mary Elizabeth (Indiana University) Carmel Jonathan (University of Michigan) Carroll Christopher (Johns Hopkins University) Cassar Gavin (University of Pennsylvania) Chaney Thomas (University of Chicago) Chari Varadarajan V. (University of Minnesota) Chauvin Keith W. (University of Kansas) Chintagunta Pradeep K. (University of Chicago) Christiano Lawrence J. (Northwestern University) Cochrane John (University of Chicago) Coleman John (Duke University) Constantinides George M. (University of Chicago) Crain Robert (UC Berkeley) Culp Christopher (University of Chicago) Da Zhi (University of Notre Dame) Davis Morris (University of Wisconsin) De Marzo Peter (Stanford University) Dubé Jean-Pierre H. (University of Chicago) Edlin Aaron (UC Berkeley) Eichenbaum Martin (Northwestern University) Ely Jeffrey (Northwestern University) Eraslan Hülya K. K.(Johns Hopkins University) Faulhaber Gerald (University of Pennsylvania) Feldmann Sven (University of Melbourne) Fernandez-Villaverde Jesus (University of Pennsylvania) Fohlin Caroline (Johns Hopkins University) Fox Jeremy T. (University of Chicago) Frank Murray Z.(University of Minnesota) Frenzen Jonathan (University of Chicago) Fuchs William (University of Chicago) Fudenberg Drew (Harvard University) Gabaix Xavier (New York University) Gao Paul (Notre Dame University) Garicano Luis (University of Chicago) Gerakos Joseph J. (University of Chicago) Gibbs Michael (University of Chicago) Glomm Gerhard (Indiana University) Goettler Ron (University of Chicago) Goldin Claudia (Harvard University) Gordon Robert J. (Northwestern University) Greenstone Michael (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Guadalupe Maria (Columbia University) Guerrieri Veronica (University of Chicago) Hagerty Kathleen (Northwestern University) Hamada Robert S. (University of Chicago) Hansen Lars (University of Chicago) Harris Milton (University of Chicago) Hart Oliver (Harvard University) Hazlett Thomas W. (George Mason University) Heaton John (University of Chicago) Heckman James (University of Chicago - Nobel Laureate) Henderson David R. (Hoover Institution) Henisz, Witold (University of Pennsylvania) Hertzberg Andrew (Columbia University) Hite Gailen (Columbia University) Hitsch Günter J. (University of Chicago) Hodrick Robert J. (Columbia University) Hopenhayn Hugo (UCLA) Hurst Erik (University of Chicago) Imrohoroglu Ayse (University of Southern California) Isakson Hans (University of Northern Iowa) Israel Ronen (London Business School) Jaffee Dwight M. (UC Berkeley) Jagannathan Ravi (Northwestern University) Jenter Dirk (Stanford University) Jones Charles M. (Columbia Business School) Kaboski Joseph P. (Ohio State University) Kahn Matthew (UCLA) Kaplan Ethan (Stockholm University) Karolyi, Andrew (Ohio State University) Kashyap Anil (University of Chicago) Keim Donald B (University of Pennsylvania) Ketkar Suhas L (Vanderbilt University) Kiesling Lynne (Northwestern University) Klenow Pete (Stanford University) Koch Paul (University of Kansas) Kocherlakota Narayana (University of Minnesota) Koijen Ralph S.J. (University of Chicago) Kondo Jiro (Northwestern University) Korteweg Arthur (Stanford University) Kortum Samuel (University of Chicago) Krueger Dirk (University of Pennsylvania) Ledesma Patricia (Northwestern University) Lee Lung-fei (Ohio State University) Leeper Eric M. (Indiana University) Leuz Christian (University of Chicago) Levine David I.(UC Berkeley) Levine David K.(Washington University) Levy David M. (George Mason University) Linnainmaa Juhani (University of Chicago) Lott John R. Jr. (University of Maryland) Lucas Robert (University of Chicago - Nobel Laureate) Luttmer Erzo G.J. (University of Minnesota) Manski Charles F. (Northwestern University) Martin Ian (Stanford University) Mayer Christopher (Columbia University) Mazzeo Michael (Northwestern University) McDonald Robert (Northwestern University) Meadow Scott F. (University of Chicago) Mehra Rajnish (UC Santa Barbara) Mian Atif (University of Chicago) Middlebrook Art (University of Chicago) Miguel Edward (UC Berkeley) Miravete Eugenio J. (University of Texas at Austin) Miron Jeffrey (Harvard University) Moretti Enrico (UC Berkeley) Moriguchi Chiaki (Northwestern University) Moro Andrea (Vanderbilt University) Morse Adair (University of Chicago) Mortensen Dale T. (Northwestern University) Mortimer Julie Holland (Harvard University) Muralidharan Karthik (UC San Diego) Nanda Dhananjay (University of Miami) Nevo Aviv (Northwestern University) Ohanian Lee (UCLA) Pagliari Joseph (University of Chicago) Papanikolaou Dimitris (Northwestern University) Parker Jonathan (Northwestern University) Paul Evans (Ohio State University) Pejovich Svetozar (Steve) (Texas A&M University) Peltzman Sam (University of Chicago) Perri Fabrizio (University of Minnesota) Phelan Christopher (University of Minnesota) Piazzesi Monika (Stanford University) Piskorski Tomasz (Columbia University) Rampini Adriano (Duke University) Reagan Patricia (Ohio State University) Reich Michael (UC Berkeley) Reuben Ernesto (Northwestern University) Roberts Michael (University of Pennsylvania) Robinson David (Duke University) Rogers Michele (Northwestern University) Rotella Elyce (Indiana University) Ruud Paul (Vassar College) Safford Sean (University of Chicago) Sandbu Martin E. (University of Pennsylvania) Sapienza Paola (Northwestern University) Savor Pavel (University of Pennsylvania) Scharfstein David (Harvard University) Seim Katja (University of Pennsylvania) Seru Amit (University of Chicago) Shang-Jin Wei (Columbia University) Shimer Robert (University of Chicago) Shore Stephen H. (Johns Hopkins University) Siegel Ron (Northwestern University) Smith David C. (University of Virginia) Smith Vernon L.(Chapman University- Nobel Laureate) Sorensen Morten (Columbia University) Spiegel Matthew (Yale University) Stevenson Betsey (University of Pennsylvania) Stokey Nancy (University of Chicago) Strahan Philip (Boston College) Strebulaev Ilya (Stanford University) Sufi Amir (University of Chicago) Tabarrok Alex (George Mason University) Taylor Alan M. (UC Davis) Thompson Tim (Northwestern University) Tschoegl Adrian E. (University of Pennsylvania) Uhlig Harald (University of Chicago) Ulrich, Maxim (Columbia University) Van Buskirk Andrew (University of Chicago) Veronesi Pietro (University of Chicago) Vissing-Jorgensen Annette (Northwestern University) Wacziarg Romain (UCLA) Weill Pierre-Olivier (UCLA) Williamson Samuel H. (Miami University) Witte Mark (Northwestern University) Wolfers Justin (University of Pennsylvania) Woutersen Tiemen (Johns Hopkins University) Zingales Luigi (University of Chicago) Zitzewitz Eric (Dartmouth College)

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